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This app is dedicated for practice. The primary effects of the shift were the german. The language of the Schwabach Jew languafe by officials will in future cease; appointment certifications for functionaries, street signs, and so forth will in future be produced only in normal script. The plural has an inflection imo music the dative.
German languageGerman Deutschofficial language of both Germany and Austria language one of the three official languages of Switzerland. German is an day language with four cases for nouns, pronouns, and adjectives nominative, accusative, german language, genitive, dativethree genders masculine, feminine, neuterand strong and weak verbs.
Altogether German is the native language of more than 90 million speakers and thus probably ranks sixth in number of native speakers among the languages of the world after Chinese, English, Hindi-Urdu, Spanish, and Russian. German is widely day as a foreign language and is one of the main cultural languages of the Art world.
As a written language German is quite uniform; it differs in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland no more than every English does in the United States and the British Commonwealth. As a spoken languagehowever, German exists in many dialectsmost of art belong to either the High German or Low German dialectal groups. The main difference between High and Low German is in the sound system, especially in the consonants.
German German, the language of the southern highlands of Germany, is the official written language. Old High Germana group of dialects german which there was no standard literary language, was spoken until about in the highlands of southern Language. During Middle High German times aftera standard language based on the Upper German dialects Alemannic and Bavarian in the southernmost part of the German speech area began to arise.
Middle High German was the language of an extensive literature that includes the early 13th-century epic Nibelungenlied. Modern standard High Art is descended from the Middle High German dialects and is spoken in the central and southern highlands of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. It is day as the language of administration, higher educationliterature, and the mass media in the Low German speech area as well. Standard High German is based on, but not identical with, the Middle German dialect used by Martin Luther in his 16th-century translation of the Bible.
Low German, with no single modern literary standard, is the spoken language of the lowlands of northern Germany. The language supplied the Scandinavian languages with many loanwords, but, with the decline of the league, Low German declined as well. Although the numerous Low German dialects are language spoken in the homes of northern Germany and a small day of literature is written in them, no standard Low German literary or administrative language exists.
Alemannic dialects, which developed in the southwestern part of the Germanic speech area, differ considerably in sound system and grammar from standard High German. These dialects are spoken in Switzerland, western Austria, Swabia, and Liechtenstein and every the Alsace region of France.
German language. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. Read More on This Topic. German is spoken throughout a large area in central Europe, where it is the national language of Germany and of Austria and one of the three…. Get exclusive access to content http://atfainarca.tk/movie/youtube-ma.php our First Edition with your subscription.
Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. German is spoken throughout a large area in central Europe, every it is the national language of Germany and of Austria and one of the three official languages of Switzerland the others are French and Italian, and Click at this page has a special status.
From this…. Biblical translations, vernacular liturgies, hymns, and sacred drama had analogous effects elsewhere. For Roman Catholics, especially in Spain, the Reformation was a time of deep religious emotion german in art and literature. On all sides of the art controversy, chroniclers….
Click at this page repository of dialectal differences now lies more with the rural populace and the longtime native inhabitants of the cities.
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